Lifelong Learning

Animals after centuries of absolute or near absolute contempt, reinforced with Descartes inexcusable approach, finally are no longer being viewed, a bit all over the world, as mere objects such as table or a chair. Objects that can be disposed of in any way, can be maltreated in any event, can be tortured and killed at a whim. That era is over or nearly over. A brief video will be shown in class.

More and more one is witnessing an awareness and an evolution in legislation protecting animals, albeit with different approaches and techniques. In philosophy and other sciences such as neuro ones, animals are also becoming centre stage. Great legislative reforms on this topic are impacting and making their way into Constitutions, Civil Codes, Criminal codes, and so on. Macau approved a law protecting animals. With its shortcomings the fact is that Macau joined the modern legal systems that envisaged to protect animals and, in doing so, helping protecting human dignity of people itself.


Instructor:Mr. Paulo Cardinal
Duration:8 Hours (4 Sessions)
Date:26 February to 08 March 2024
Time:Mon, Fri 19:00 – 21:00
Location:University of Saint Joseph – IIha Verde Campus
Delivery of Mode:Face-to-face Lecture
Tuition Fee:MOP1,400
Targeted Participants:Public workers, Lawyers and jurists in general that wish to explore and better understand the complex topic of the relation Animals vis-à-vis Law. Also, people that work or is active in animal protection or dealing with animals such as veterinarians. Anyone with curiosity and interest in this topic and wish to know more, to better understand the complexities of the topic.


💡Tuition fee special offered available for: 

5% Discount (MOP 1,330)

  • Early-bird application
    ** Applicants who submit a complete course enrollment on or before 19 January 2024 will enjoy the early-bird special offer in this course. Registrants will be notified of enrollment details via E-mail and SMS after we receive the registration. Don’t miss it!

10% Discount (MOP 1,260)

  • USJ working staff and students
  • Members of AAUSJ (Alumni Association of USJ)
  • Next of kin relationship (spouses, children, and parents), for current internal staff, USJ students, and members of AAUSJ
  • Former LLO students

Notes: the D.S.E.D.J. 2023-2026 Continuing Education Development Subsidy Scheme is NOT available for this course.

Remarks: the above Conditions of eligibility are subject to the terms in the “Policy of Lifelong Learning Public Programmes Tuition Fee Discount” (LLO-529). The full version is available on the LLO website (click here), please be sure to read the Terms and Conditions contained in this document carefully since any use of this tuition fee discount for lifelong learning public courses constitutes your acceptance of the Terms and Conditions set out herein. In the event of any dispute concerning the matters in this document, the Lifelong Learning Office of the University of Saint Joseph reserves all rights to make the final decision.

Main bibliography: 

STEVEN WISE, Rattling The Cage: Toward Legal Rights For Animals, 2000

PAULO CARDINAL, Animais: Direito e Direitos – Alguns Tópicos de Aproximação, Legisiuris de Macau em Revista, n.º 9, 2018, pp. 39-58 (In Portuguese and in Chinese)

BIRGITTA WAHLBERG, Animal Law in General and Animal Rights in Particular, Scandinavian Studies in Law, 67, 2021

Further bibliography:

The Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness, at 

MENEZES CORDEIRO, Tratado de Direito Civil, III, 2020

FERNANDO ARAÚJO, A Hora dos Direitos dos Animais, 2003, 

JOSÉ BONIFÁCIO RAMOS, O animal: coisa ou tertium genus?, O Direito, 141

EMIL KRUK and others, Legal Protection of Animals, 2020

GRAEME MCEWEN, Animal Law: Principles and Frontiers, 2011


A three-step flow of “Registration, Notification, Enrolment” applies.

Applicants should first register (through methods listed in the “Registration” section on our website) during the application period of a Programme. Accepted Registrants will be notified through SMS and they must complete the application process in person during the period mentioned in the SMS, with a valid copy of Macao Resident ID Card.

A certificate of completion will be issued for participants fulfilling an attendance rate of 70%.

Withdrawal applications must follow stated policies.

Remark: Programmes may be cancelled due to insufficient registration.