Lifelong Learning

Law of the Sea v3_LotS

Programme Structure / 課程大綱

This course is not under the PDAC subsidy coverage

Link to IEEM (Programme Introduction / 澳門歐洲研究學會連結 (課程簡介)



A three-step flow of “Registration, Notification, Enrolment” applies.

Applicants should first register (through methods listed in the “Registration” section on our website) during the application period of a Programme. Accepted Registrants will be notified through SMS and they must complete the application process in person during the period mentioned in the SMS, with a valid copy of Macao Resident ID Card

A certificate of completion will be issued for participants fulfilling an attendance rate of 70%

Withdrawal applications must follow stated policies

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Study plan & description of modules

Advanced Diploma in Law of the Sea and Water Law

Life Long Learning Office - 18 hours Course

Venue: USJ – Version 3  (Not a DSEJ Course)

Student Fee MOP 2,800 – Minimum Number of Students 12

Course Coordination – Professor Francisco Leandro

Session & Hours Content Objectives
(4 Hours)

The Law of the Sea


Professor Vasco


1.      Historical background, the codification of international customary law of the sea, the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), fragmentation and coherence of international legal instruments dealing with the law of the sea.

2.      Maritime zones and the exercise of jurisdiction and sovereignty at sea: flag States, coastal and port States.

3.      Marine natural resources, within and beyond national jurisdiction

4.      Delimitation of maritime boundaries

5.      Protection and preservation of the marine environment

·         Understand the historical and legal background that framed the law of the sea rules, as well as the delicate balance achieved in UNCLOS between different interests at hand.

·         Recognize and distinguish the different legal regimes applicable to each maritime zone and the rights and duties of all States in each one.

·         Differentiate between the regimes applicable to maritime natural resources, both within and beyond national jurisdiction.

·         Appreciate the complexity of maritime delimitation procedures, taking into account the most relevant international jurisprudence.

·         Review and comprehend the legal regime applicable to the protection and preservation of the marine environment.

(3 Hours)

Ocean Governance


Sustainability, Oceans, Ecosystems and Marine Biodiversity

Professor Karen

Tagulao (USJ)

6.      Environmental Sustainability

7.      The Ocean: Coastal and Marine Ecosystems

8.      Biodiversity and Ecosystems Services in the Ocean

9.      Conservation and protection of biodiversity and ecosystems

·         Understand the concept of environmental sustainability

·         Familiarize with the major types of coastal and marine ecosystems

·         Appreciate the value of biodiversity and ecosystems through the services they provide

·         Recognize the need to protect and conserve the ocean’s biodiversity and ecosystems

·         Learn how to sustainably utilize biodiversity and ecosystems

(4 Hours)

Sea-Economy and Marine

Spatial Planning


Professor Vasco


10.  The conceptualization of the Sea-Economy and Marine Spatial Planning (MSP)

11.  The EU model: Blue Growth and the role of MSP in the EU’s Integrated Maritime Policy

12.  Regional and international implications

13.  Sustainable development (environmental, social and economic) and the protection and preservation of the marine environment

14.  Protection of underwater cultural heritage (UNESCO 2001)

15.  Promoting economic activities at sea and dealing with new resources, including genetic resources within and beyond national jurisdiction

·         Understand the concept of sea-economy and MSP, in light of the applicable legal framework being fragmented (UNCLOS, UNESCO, IMO)

·         Planning instruments and land and sea coordination.

·         Appreciate the challenges for the EU resulting from the Blue Growth and the Integrated Maritime Policy

·         The cross-border implications and the characteristics of the marine environment

·         Addressing competing offshore economic activities and the relevance of legal certainty and security

(3 Hours)

Freshwater in International Law (15h00-18h00)

Professor Paulo

Canelas de Castro (UM)

16.  (To be appended)
(1 Hour)

Freedom of Navigation (09h00-10h00)

Professor Vasco


17.  The Freedom of Navigation in the Law of the Sea and the opposing interests between flag States, coastal States and port States.

18.  Protection and interference with the freedom of navigation.

19.  Criminality and human rights at sea


·         Understanding the principle of freedom of navigation (including the right of innocent passage and of transit passage) and flag State jurisdiction pre-emption.

·         Recognize the intricate legal regime applicable to the interception of foreign vessels.

·         Understand the complexities of Port State Control and coastal State jurisdiction

·         Introduce students to the complexity surrounding the combat against criminality at sea and the protection of human rights at sea.


(3 Hours) Open Seminar (10h20-13h30)

Maritime Spatial Planning and Management: Challenges and Opportunities for  MSAR

20.  The new legal framework: planning tools and licensing procedures;

21.  Prospects and opportunities for Blue growth in MSAR;

22.  Compatibility between different offshore uses and activities;

23.  The protection and preservation of the marine environment (classification and management of marine protected areas);

24.   Best practices: the Portuguese and Hong-Kong case-study.

Examine and understand the concept of MSP in the context of MSAR, taking into account its role in the overall Blue Growth strategy.

Identify the challenges and opportunities facing the implementation of MSP in MSAR, such as ensuring the protection and preservation of the marine environment, sustainable development (environmental, social and economic) of offshore activities, and dealing and promoting with competing activities.