Official Title: Assistant Professor | Coordinator for the Institute of Social and Legal Studies

Faculty: Faculty of Creative Industries


Short Bio


Francisco B. S. José Leandro (Portuguese National) earned a PhD in Political Science & International Relations from Catholic University of Portugal (magna cum laude), an Advanced Diploma in International Law - Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale & Institute of International Humanitarian Law (Italy), an Advanced Diploma in Military Science – Instituto de Altos Estudos Militares of Lisbon (War College - IAEM), an University Degree in Law from Autónoma University of Lisbon, an University Degree in Military and Social Sciences -from Portuguese Army Military Academy (Lisbon), and a NATO Legal Advisor & Public Relations Advisor Diploma from the NATO School, Oberammergau (Germany).

In 2015, he was awarded the Pearl River Delta Academy of International Trade and Investment Law Diploma (PRAIA) Peking University/IEEM. He is a candidate for habilitation Exam in 2018 at Catholic University of Portugal. Francisco Leandro was Chair Professor in International Law at Portuguese War College (IAEM); Visiting Professor at Army War College in Angola (ISEM); Resident Professor and Senior Researcher at National Defense Institute (IDN); Guest Professor at ISCSP-UTL (Lisbon), Guest Professor at University of Coimbra (Portugal), Visiting Professor at James Madison University (Italy), Institute of International Humanitarian Law (Italy), NATO School (Germany), European Security and Defense College (Madrid & Delft), European Police College (Portugal), Military-Voenna Akademia (Hungary), Modena Military Academy (Italy) and Visiting Professor at University of Macau (FSS/Communication Department). Besides his academic engagement, he worked as Portuguese Army Legal Advisor, as Portuguese Representative to the Council of Europe - Committee of Experts for the Development of Human Rights’ Group on Human Rights of Members of the Armed Forces (DH-DEV-FA)(2005-2008), as EUROFOR Chief of Public Affairs Office, as European Union Battle Group 2011-12 Spokesperson (2008-2011), as Special Projects Manager, as Military Assistant to NATO Allied Joint Command Deputy Commander (2005-2008), and as United Nations Military Observer in former Yugoslavia (1995-1996).

Francisco Leandro taught various subjects thought out 18 years of academic teaching, managed different programs in international organisations, and supervised more than 25 theses. He has taught the following subjects: International Relations & Diplomacy; International Law; International Humanitarian Law & Law of Armed Conflicts; International Business Negotiations; Globalization; Nation-State & Nationalism; Media Global Studies; Media & Society; International Law War & Genocide; Public Relations & Journalism; European Union External Policy; CPLP Studies; Comparative Political Systems; Political Philosophy; Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR); Ethics and Public Service; Macao Basic Law; Environmental Law & Policy; Nationalism in Modern History, Third World Policies, Intergovernmental Relations, and Social Sciences Research Methodology, in Bachelor, Master and Doctoral Programs. He is the President of ANIMA ( Ethics Commission (since May 2017). He also published on International Law, War and Gender Crimes, in the context of Armed Conflicts, Sector Security Reform, MSAR Law, geopolitics, and Belt and Road initiative.

Francisco Leandro is the author of seven books and numerous articles and essays, some of them published by NATO Legal Gazette. He was awarded five prestigious academic prizes.
As a former Portuguese Army Officer, he was awarded the European Union Service Medal, United Nations Service Medal, D. Afonso Henriques Medal, 2nd Class of Military Value Medal, and Portuguese Army Distinguished Services Medal, and he also was awarded 11 national and international commendations. In 2014 and 2017 he was awarded Institute European Studies in Macau (IEEM) Academic Research Grant, which is a major component of the Asia-Europe Comparative Studies Research Project (AECSRP).

In 2015, he has been awarded the 3rd APCEA prize as University of Saint Joseph team mentor, at the 5th APCEA Business Presentation Contest, organised by the Asia-Pacific Communication Exchange Association (APCEA), held at Hengqin Campus of University of Macau. In January 2016 he has joined a Post-Doctoral Program Research (Project: State Monopolies in China (geopolitical security studies perspective) - Reference: MYRG134 (Y1-L2)-FSH12-NTW) under the supervision of Professor Tak-Wing Ngo (FSS/UM) – One belt one road studies (concluded in September 2017). He holds a fluent command of English (C2 certified) and Portuguese (mother language), a fair command of Italian and French languages (certified), and a Diploma of Chinese Culture & Language issued by the Centro Científico e Cultural de Macau (Lisbon, Portugal, 2012).

Since 2014, he is a member of Journal of Management and Training for Industries editorial board (Japan). Since 2012, he is Assistant Professor at University of Saint Joseph – President of Faculty of Creative Industries Pedagogical Council (2014-2016), Secretary of Scientific Council (2016-2017), and Visiting Professor at Institute of European Studies in Macau (2013-2017). Since November 2016 he has been the Institute of Social and Legal Studies programme coordinator at Faculty of Humanities (USJ).

He is married, with a permanent residence established in Macau. Francisco Leandro is a regular contributor to Newspaper Tribuna de Macau, TDM (Macau) commentator on international affairs, and an occasional contributor to China Daily HK Edition. Francisco Leandro is a member of the International Political Science Association (IPSA) since 2016.

Further References:
(Journal of Management and Training for Industries is included in two indexes: ProQuest & EBSCO)

Master in Lusophone Law and International Public Law (Coordinator)

Scientific Coordination of Research Projects
(2011-2012) National Defence Institute of Portugal - Scientific Coordination – Research Project on gender violence -

Military and Academic Commendations


Leandro, F. J. (2016). Opportunities and Challenges of Sustainable Development in the Pearl River Delta Bay Area under the Belt and Road Initiative. Published by the 8th Guandong Hong Kong Macau Sustainable Development Conference, pages 155-178.
Leandro, F. J. (2006). The Azores as a strategic space and Humanitarian Operations (in co-authorship) - Seminário os Açores como Espaço Estratégico: A História, a Estratégia, as Relações Internacionais, o Exército, 2004. Actas/Seminário Organização Zona Militar dos Açores, Universidade dos Açores. Ponta Delgada, 2005, 169 páginas.

Leandro, F. J. (2016). MSAR and the European Union: two subjects of International Law? Macau: Edições CRED-DM (trilingual), ISBN: 978-99965-761-8-8.
Leandro, F. J. (2013). Gender-Based Crimes as “Tools of War” in Armed Conflicts, in Gender Violence in Armed Conflicts, IDN Cadernos number 11, (co-authorship).
Leandro, F. J. (2012). Responsabilidade Criminal dos Chefes Militares - Um crime de segunda oportunidade, Lisboa: Universidade Católica Editora, ISBN: 978-972-54-0357-0.
Leandro, F. J. (2010 Editor). European Rapid Operational Force (EUROFOR) fifteen years together, Florence, Italy.
Leandro, F. J. (2006). Law and Justice - The International Crime Court and the Superior Liability under Article 28, Coordination of João Miguel Silva and Paulo P. Albuquerque, Catholic University of Portugal, ISBN: 3420871-033.
Leandro, F. J. (2005). The Victims’ Weapons: A view of international humanitarian law and on the role of military forces conducting crisis response operations Lisboa: Edições Cosmos e Instituto da Defesa Nacional, ISBN: 972-8471-92-0.

The Geopolitics of Red Oil: Constructing the China Threat through Energy Security, China Information, Vol. 30, pages 400-401, November 2016.,%20Francisco%20Jos%C3%A9%20Bernardino

Andrew Stephen Campion (2016). The Geopolitics of the Red Oil: Constructing the China threat through energy security, New York, Routledge, 186 pages, ISBN 978-1-138-95568-4.

From Public to Private: The role of shared leadership in TAP’s case[1], Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Politicas da Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

Leandro, F. J. (2017). Desafios à Unidade Geopolitica da Lusofonia, National Defence Institute Brief, Lisbon, November (Lusophony Geopolitical Challenges).
Leandro, F. J. (2013). African Restless Leverage Against Impunity (in non-international armed conflicts), Segurança e Defesa (May-July 2013), pages 48-67.
Leandro, F. J. (2012). Security Sector Reform: a new State-citizen partnership, National Defence Institute, Nação e Defesa, nº 131 (co-authorship), 2012, pages 27-45.
Leandro, F. J. (2012). Turning a Blind Eye to Impunity in Armed Conflicts: Criminal Investigation in Modern Land Operations, Instituto de Defesa Nacional, IDN Brief (Sponsored by NATO Public Policy Division).
Leandro, F. J. (2012, April). Generic Guidelines for the Use of Force against Child Soldiers in Peace Operations, NATO Legal Gazette, issue 27.
Leandro, F. J. (2011, September). A Glimmer of Hope Paves the Modern Legal Challenges to Contemporary Peacekeeping, NATO Legal Gazette, issue 26.
Leandro, F. J. (2011, Aug/Sept). A Glimmer of Hope Paves the Modern Legal Challenges to Contemporary Peacekeeping, Military Review (Revista Militar 2515/2516) -
Leandro, F. J. (2011). The Grossest of Human Indecencies: the horrible option - Generic guidelines for the use of force against Child Soldiers in Peace Operations, Instituto Defesa Nacional Brief.
Leandro, F. J. (2010). An Australian Beauty - Operacional online Magazine -
Leandro, F. J. (2010). A Escola NATO e a Vila de Oberammergau: Duas faces da mesma moeda - Operacional online Magazine -
Leandro, F. J. (2010). A weapon of mass perception placed in our hot summer - Operacional online Magazine -
Leandro, F. J. (2009). In modern military public affairs, armed conflicts are battles of perceptions - Operacional online Magazine -

[1] This research was supported by Portuguese national funds through FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, under project «PEst-OE/CJP/UI0713/2013»

updated on December 2017


Year 1 Doctorate
Year 1 Master
2.00 credits
Year 2 Master
2.00 credits
Year 1 Bachelor
2.00 credits
Year 2 Bachelor
Year 3 Bachelor
2.00 credits
Year 4 Bachelor
2.00 credits
2.00 credits
3.00 credits
3.00 credits
3.00 credits
2.00 credits